In this post I will show you how to download a source RPM, build it, install it and then finally uninstall it.

RPM is the package format that is being utilized on Linux distributions such as Fedora, Red Hat and CentOS.

I am myself running Fedora 21, and this tutorial will therefore be given from that perspective.

Download a source RPM package

To download a source RPM (SRPM) package you first need to install the package yum-utils which contains the tool yumdownloader. That is achieved by executing the following command:

$ sudo yum install yum-utils

The source package we will download in this post is verne-backgrounds, which contains the default wallpapers for Fedora 16. Do that with:

$ yumdownloader --source verne-backgrounds

Which results in the following file being downloaded:

$ ls

Build the RPM package

To build RPM(s) from the SRPM we need the tool rpm-build. Install it with:

$ sudo yum install rpm-build

Then build the package:

$ rpmbuild --rebuild verne-backgrounds-15.92.1-8.fc21.src.rpm

In this case, it results in nine RPMs being built, which can be found in the directory ~/rpmbuild/RPMS/noarch:

$ cd ~/rpmbuild/RPMS/noarch
$ ls

Install the RPM(s)

Since I am running Gnome Shell, I will only install the RPMs verne-backgrounds-gnome and verne-backgrounds-single:

$ sudo rpm -i verne-backgrounds-gnome-15.92.1-8.fc21.noarch.rpm verne-backgrounds-single-15.92.1-8.fc21.noarch.rpm

The wallpaper does now apper in the background selection tool in Gnome:

Gnome Shell wallpapers

Uninstall the RPMs

Below are two ways to see if the two packages from the previous section are installed:

$ rpm -qa | grep verne
$ yum list installed | grep verne
verne-backgrounds-gnome.noarch         15.92.1-8.fc21                  installed
verne-backgrounds-single.noarch        15.92.1-8.fc21                  installed

We will now proceed to uninstall them:

$ sudo rpm -e `rpm -qa | grep verne`

That’s it. We have now successfully built an RPM, installed it and uninstalled it.