In this post I will show you how to download a source RPM, build it, install it and then finally uninstall it.
RPM is the package format that is being utilized on Linux distributions such as Fedora, Red Hat and CentOS.
I am myself running Fedora 21, and this tutorial will therefore be given from that perspective.
Download a source RPM package
To download a source RPM (SRPM) package you first need to install the package
yum-utils which contains the tool
yumdownloader. That is achieved by executing the following command:
$ sudo yum install yum-utils
The source package we will download in this post is
which contains the default wallpapers for Fedora 16. Do that with:
$ yumdownloader --source verne-backgrounds
Which results in the following file being downloaded:
$ ls verne-backgrounds-15.92.1-8.fc21.src.rpm
Build the RPM package
To build RPM(s) from the SRPM we need the tool
rpm-build. Install it
$ sudo yum install rpm-build
Then build the package:
$ rpmbuild --rebuild verne-backgrounds-15.92.1-8.fc21.src.rpm
In this case, it results in nine RPMs being built, which can be found in the
$ cd ~/rpmbuild/RPMS/noarch $ ls verne-backgrounds-15.92.1-8.fc21.noarch.rpm verne-backgrounds-extras-gnome-15.92.1-8.fc21.noarch.rpm verne-backgrounds-extras-kde-15.92.1-8.fc21.noarch.rpm verne-backgrounds-extras-single-15.92.1-8.fc21.noarch.rpm verne-backgrounds-extras-xfce-15.92.1-8.fc21.noarch.rpm verne-backgrounds-gnome-15.92.1-8.fc21.noarch.rpm verne-backgrounds-kde-15.92.1-8.fc21.noarch.rpm verne-backgrounds-single-15.92.1-8.fc21.noarch.rpm verne-backgrounds-xfce-15.92.1-8.fc21.noarch.rpm
Install the RPM(s)
Since I am running Gnome Shell, I will only install the RPMs
$ sudo rpm -i verne-backgrounds-gnome-15.92.1-8.fc21.noarch.rpm verne-backgrounds-single-15.92.1-8.fc21.noarch.rpm
The wallpaper does now apper in the background selection tool in Gnome:
Uninstall the RPMs
Below are two ways to see if the two packages from the previous section are installed:
$ rpm -qa | grep verne verne-backgrounds-single-15.92.1-8.fc21.noarch verne-backgrounds-gnome-15.92.1-8.fc21.noarch $ yum list installed | grep verne verne-backgrounds-gnome.noarch 15.92.1-8.fc21 installed verne-backgrounds-single.noarch 15.92.1-8.fc21 installed
We will now proceed to uninstall them:
$ sudo rpm -e `rpm -qa | grep verne`
That’s it. We have now successfully built an RPM, installed it and uninstalled it.